Full time education (or training) is compulsory for all children between the ages of 5 and 18 and lasts for 13 years. At 16 (year 12), many students attend 6th form for 2 years where they take A-Level or IB in year 13 and apply directly to University. You should study 13 years of education before University in the UK.

GCSE
A-Level / IB qualification
Univiersity

Age

Taiwan

UK

USA and Canada

5-6


Primary School

Year 1


6-7

Elementary School

Grade 1

Year 2

Elementary School

Grade 1

7-8

Grade 2

Year 3

Grade 2

8-9

Grade 3

Year 4

Grade 3

9-10

Grade 4

Year 5

Grade 4

10-11

Grade 5

Year 6

Grade 5

11-12

Grade 6

Secondary School

Year 7

Middle School

Grade 6

12-13

Junior Boarding School

Grade 1

Year 8

Grade 7

13-14

Grade 2

Year 9

Grade 8

14-15

Grade 3

Year 10 (GCSE)

Boarding School

Grade 9

15-16

Senior High School

Grade 1

Year 11 (GCSE)

Grade 10

16-17

Grade 2

Further education /Sixth Form

Year 12

(A-Level)

ND

Vocational Education

Grade 11

17-18

Grade 3

Year 13

(A-Level)

ND

Grade 12

18-19

University

Grade 1

Higher Education

First Year

HND

Undergraduate

Freshman

19-20

Grade 2

Second Year

HND

Sophomore

20-21

Grade 3

Third Year

Junior

21-22

Grade 4

Graduate School

Master (Taught/Research)

Senior

22-23

Graduate School

Master

(2 years)

Ph.D.

Graduate School

Master

(2 years)

23-24

24-25

Ph.D.

(at least 3 years)


Ph.D.

(3-5 years)



Age

Philippines

UK

USA and Canada

5-6

Kindergarten

Primary School

Year 1

 

6-7

Primary School

Primary 1

Year 2

Elementary School

Grade 1

7-8

Primary 2

Year 3

Grade 2

8-9

Primary 3

Year 4

Grade 3

9-10

Primary 4

Year 5

Grade 4

10-11

Primary 5

Year 6

Grade 5

11-12

Primary 6

Secondary School

Year 7

Middle School

Grade 6

12-13

Junior High School

Grade 7

Year 8

Grade 7

13-14

Grade 8

Year 9

Grade 8

14-15

Grade 9

Year 10 (GCSE)

High School

Grade 9

15-16

Grade 10

 

 

16-17

Senior High School

Grade 11 (STEM/ HUMMS)

Year 11 (GCSE)

Grade 10

17-18

Grade 12 (STEM/ HUMMS)

Further education /Sixth Form

Year 12
(A-Level/IB)

ND

Vocational Education

Grade 11

Year 13
(A-Level/IB)

ND

Grade 12

18-19

University

Year 1

Higher Education

First Year

HND

Undergraduate

Freshman

19-20

Year 2

Second Year

HND

Sophomore

20-21

Year 3

Third Year

Junior

21-22

Year 4

Graduate School

Master (Taught/Research) 1 year

Senior

22-23

Graduate School

Master
(2 years)

Ph.D.

Graduate School

Master
(2 years)

23-24

24-25

Ph.D.
(at least 3 years)

 

Ph.D.
(3-5 years)

25-26

26-27

Age

Ghana

UK

USA and Canada

5-6

Primary School

Year 1

6-7

Primary School

Primary 1

Year 2

Elementary School

Grade 1

7-8

Primary 2

Year 3

Grade 2

8-9

Primary 3

Year 4

Grade 3

9-10

Primary 4

Year 5

Grade 4

10-11

Primary 5

Year 6

Grade 5

11-12

Primary 6

Secondary School

Year 7

Middle School

Grade 6

12-13

Junior High School
(JSS1-JSS3)

Grade 7

Year 8

Grade 7

13-14

Grade 8

Year 9

Grade 8

14-15

Grade 9

Year 10 (GCSE)

High School

Grade 9

15-16

Senior High School
(SS1-SS3)

Grade 10

Year 11 (GCSE)

Grade 10

16-17

Grade 11(IGCSE)

Further education /Sixth Form

Year 12
(A-Level/IB)

ND

Vocational Education

Grade 11

17-18

Grade 12 (WAEC/NECO)

Year 13
(A-Level/IB)

ND

Grade 12

18-19

University

Year 1

Higher Education

First Year

HND

Undergraduate

Freshman

19-20

Year 2

Second Year

HND

Sophomore

20-21

Year 3

Third Year

Junior

21-22

Year 4

Graduate School

Master (Taught/Research) 1 year

Senior

22-23

Graduate School

Master
(2 years)

Ph.D.

Graduate School

Master
(2 years)

23-24

24-25

Ph.D.

Ph.D.
(3-5 years)

Age

Nigeria

UK

USA and Canada

5-6

Primary School

Year 1

6-7

Primary School

Primary 1

Year 2

Elementary School

Grade 1

7-8

Primary 2

Year 3

Grade 2

8-9

Primary 3

Year 4

Grade 3

9-10

Primary 4

Year 5

Grade 4

10-11

Primary 5

Year 6

Grade 5

11-12

Primary 6

Secondary School

Year 7

Middle School

Grade 6

12-13

Junior High School
(JSS1-JSS3)

Grade 7

Year 8

Grade 7

13-14

Grade 8

Year 9

Grade 8

14-15

Grade 9

Year 10 (GCSE)

High School

Grade 9

15-16

Senior High School
(SS1-SS3)

Grade 10

Year 11 (GCSE)

Grade 10

16-17

Grade 11(IGCSE)

Further education /Sixth Form

Year 12
(A-Level/IB)

ND

Vocational Education

Grade 11

17-18

Grade 12 (WAEC/NECO)

Year 13
(A-Level/IB)

ND

Grade 12

18-19

University

Year 1

Higher Education

First Year

HND

Undergraduate

Freshman

19-20

Year 2

Second Year

HND

Sophomore

20-21

Year 3

Third Year

Junior

21-22

Year 4

Graduate School

Master (Taught/Research) 1 year

Senior

22-23

Graduate School

Master
(2 years)

Ph.D.

Graduate School

Master
(2 years)

23-24

24-25

Ph.D.
(at least 3 years)

Ph.D.
(3-5 years)

Age

Thailand

UK

USA and Canada

5-6

Kindergarten

Primary School

Year 1


6-7

Elementary School

Prathomsuksa 1

Year 2

Elementary School

Grade 1

7-8

Prathomsuksa 2

Year 3

Grade 2

8-9

Prathomsuksa 3

Year 4

Grade 3

9-10

Prathomsuksa 4

Year 5

Grade 4

10-11

Prathomsuksa 5

Year 6

Grade 5

11-12

Prathomsuksa 6

Secondary School

Year 7

Middle School

Grade 6

12-13

Junior Boarding School

Mattayomsuksa 1

Year 8

Grade 7

13-14

Mattayomsuksa 2

Year 9

Grade 8

14-15

Mattayomsuksa 3

Year 10 (GCSE)

Boarding School

Grade 9

15-16

Senior High School

Mattayomsuksa 4

Year 11 (GCSE)

Grade 10

16-17

Mattayomsuksa 5

Further education /Sixth Form

Year 12

(A-Level)

ND

Vocational Education

Grade 11

17-18

Mattayomsuksa 6

Year 13

(A-Level)

ND

Grade 12

18-19

University

Year 1

Higher Education

First Year

HND

Undergraduate

Freshman

19-20

Year 2

Second Year

HND

Sophomore

20-21

Year 3

Third Year

Junior

21-22

Year 4

Graduate School

Master (Taught/Research)

Senior

22-23

Graduate School

Master

(2 years)

Ph.D.

Graduate School

Master

(2 years)

23-24

24-25

Ph.D.

(at least 3 years)


Ph.D.

(3-5 years)



Age Malaysia  Age UK USA and Canada
5-6   5-6 Primary School Year 1  
7 Primary School  Primary 1 6-7 Year 2 Elementary School Grade 1
8 Primary 2 7-8 Year 3 Grade 2
9 Primary 3 8-9 Year 4 Grade 3
10 Primary 4 9-10 Year 5 Grade 4
11 Primary 5 10-11 Year 6 Grade 5
12 Primary 6 11-12 Secondary School Year 7 Middle School Grade 6
13 Secondary School /
High School
(Public School)
Form 1 (PT 3) Secondary School / High School / Middle School (Chinese Independent School) Junior 1 (UEC Junior)  12-13 Year 8 Grade 7
14 Form 2 (PT 3) Junior 2 (UEC Junior)  13-14 Year 9 Grade 8
15 Form 3 (PT 3) Junior 3 (UEC Junior)  14-15 Year 10 (GCSE) High School Grade 9
16 Form 4 (SPM) Senior 1 (SPM and / or UEC Senior)  15-16 Year 11 (GCSE) Grade 10
17 Form 5 (SPM) Senior 2 (SPM and / or UEC Senior)  16-17 Further education /Sixth Form Year 12 ND Vocational Education Grade 11
(A-Level/IB)
18 Lower 6 Form (STPM) Senior 3 (UEC Senior)  Higher Education  Foundation / Matriculation  Diploma Year 1  17-18 Year 13 ND Grade 12
(A-Level/IB)
19 Upper 6 Form (STPM) Higher Education  Degree First Year
Diploma Year 2  18-19 Higher Education First Year HND Undergraduate Freshman
19-20 Higher Education  Degree First Year Degree Second Year  19-20 Second Year HND Sophomore
20-21 Degree Second Year  Degree Third Year  20-21 Third Year Junior
22-23 Degree Third Year  Graduate School Master (Taught Research) 1 year  21-22 Graduate School Master (Taught/Research) 1 year Senior
23-24 Graduate School Master (Taught Research) 1 year  PhD 22-23 Ph.D. Graduate School Master
24-25 PhD 23-24 (2 years)
25-26 24-25   Ph.D.(3-5 years)

Age

Vietnam

UK

USA and Canada

5-6


Primary School

Year 1


6-7

Elementary School

Grade 1

Year 2

Elementary School

Grade 1

7-8

Grade 2

Year 3

Grade 2

8-9

Grade 3

Year 4

Grade 3

9-10

Grade 4

Year 5

Grade 4

10-11

Grade 5

Year 6

Grade 5

11-12

Grade 6

Secondary School

Year 7

Middle School

Grade 6

12-13

Junior Boarding School

Grade 1

Year 8

Grade 7

13-14

Grade 2

Year 9

Grade 8

14-15

Grade 3

Year 10 (GCSE)

Boarding School

Grade 9

15-16

Senior High School

Grade 1

Year 11 (GCSE)

Grade 10

16-17

Grade 2

Further education /Sixth Form

Year 12

(A-Level)

ND

Vocational Education

Grade 11

17-18

Grade 3

Year 13

(A-Level)

ND

Grade 12

18-19

University

Grade 1

Higher Education

First Year

HND

Undergraduate

Freshman

19-20

Grade 2

Second Year

HND

Sophomore

20-21

Grade 3

Third Year

Junior

21-22

Grade 4

Graduate School

Master (Taught/Research)

Senior

22-23

Graduate School

Master

(2 years)

Ph.D.

Graduate School

Master

(2 years)

23-24

24-25

Ph.D.

(at least 3 years)


Ph.D.

(3-5 years)





Education Stages

If you are 5 to 12 years old, you can refer to the comparison chart for the year you should study next.

Secondary school in the UK if for students between the ages of 11 and 18. They take GCSE in year 11 (aged 15) then A-level or IB in year 13 (aged 18). Both GCSE and A-level/IB courses are 2 years however, depending on their previous studies and language level, it may be possible to take in 1 year.

Students who have completed boarding school can take a bachelor degree in a UK. This typically takes three years. Students who do not yet have the correct level to start at University in the UK can take a University Foundation course.

A Masters degree on the UK usually takes 1 year. Most students take a taught course however you can also study a research course. You need to have an undergraduate degree to study for a Masters degree.

Foundation Course

UK boarding school is 13 years. In countries that only take 12 years of school, students take a foundation course at a University or Independent College before entering a UK university.